Last week Adam Braun presented some very thoughtful commentary on the nature of whiteness and the way it impacts society. In this next reflection Braun now proposes a rather simple but revolutionary way to offset the hegemony of institutional white privilege – specifically within the ELCA. His thoughts are timely and inspiringly shocking. So as usual, please read, continue the conversation, enjoy, and share.
And also, don’t forget that the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago will be hosting an open conversation on how the public church can and must address this most crucial issue: “Facing White Privilege as a Challenge and Opportunity for the Public Church.” The presidents of both Chicago Theological Seminary (Alice Hunt) and the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago (James Nieman) will be joining us. The discussion will be held Tuesday November 17, 2015 between 2 and 4 p.m. in the East Conference Room at LSTC (click here for map/directions). Admission is free and open to the public.
We hope to see you there.
Rev. Dr. Linda E. Thomas – Professor of Theology and Anthropology, Chair of the LSTC’s Diversity Committee, Editor – “We Talk. We Listen.”
Riffing off of Bishop Miller’s earlier post I would like to share his skepticism that racial issues can be dealt with from within the ELCA. Yet, I would also like to offer a starting point for those who wish to try.
The image Bishop Miller uses, the widening of the circle, is part of the problem of institutional diversification. There is a center. Diversification, then, involves bringing those on the margins into the circle, a circle created by the center. By its culture, privilege, and universalisms. By contrast, would it not be better to stand on the outside of a circle, a doughnut perhaps (to keep the circle metaphor), and engage with others as if they were the source of wisdom and knowledge, as if they were the insiders who we hope will let us in?
Therefore, we can begin with this counter-intuitive staement:
The ELCA does not need to become more diverse.
Instead, the ELCA needs to recognize the world is diverse and the ELCA is part of that diversity. In doing so, it must recognize and come to terms with its whiteness. It can do this in two ways: First disperse its members, existing in the non-ELCA diaspora, being itself marginalized in non-white communities, essentially not existing as the ELCA anymore. When hell freezes over, perhaps. Or, second (more likely), to recognize itself as racially, and therefore culturally, white, and recognizing its very whiteness is a hindrance to the gospel it proclaims.
[I anticipate push-back at this point against my claim that the ELCA is a white denomination. Rather than deal with the complexities of this assertion, I’d like to deal with this in the comments, or perhaps a separate post, and move forward with the assumption that, at the least, I am addressing whites in the ELCA.]
The next step is to recognize how its whiteness weakens its gospel message and challenges its own humanity. While holding on to a critical awareness of its privilege, the ELCA must also recognize that its own liberation has been bound up and is tied to the liberation of other far more marginalized than itself. A recent t-shirt by the Lutheran Volunteer Corps has this quote on the back:
If you have come here to help me, you are wasting your time. But if you have come because your liberation is bound up with mine, then let us work together.
– Aboriginal Activist Group, Queensland, 1970’s
This quote is as good as any as a place to start, if for the very reason, that an ELCA organization has already begun here.
Just as one’s sexuality does not determine all of a person, neither does one’s race. Even in the whiteness of the ELCA, traditions and stories of liberation abound. Luther’s resistance to Rome. Thomas Müntzer’s resistance to the princes. German and Scandinavian Lutheran churches’ resistance to the Anglican/Puritan hegemony found in the U.S. White feminist liberation from white patriarchy. White poor liberation from exploitative capitalist practices. But no white in the ELCA can simply claim a liberation apart from understanding that non-whites must be liberated from my whiteness. And that as long as my white privilege is oppressive, my liberation and non-white liberation will be tied together in my divestment of my white resources.
Furthermore, Lutheranism has the possibility for recognizing diverse voices in interpreting its tradition. One could argue the founding event of Lutheranism contains a rejection of the hegemonic hermeneutic of its day, opening up the possibilities of reassessing one’s own tradition, by letting the Text speak for itself. While Luther believed Scripture must be interpreted on its own terms, and that the nature of Scripture must be determined by Scripture, we may want to push him further. Still, this initial hermeneutical move by Luther can be seen as a democratization of the text, a democratization that can be extended, not simply essentialized. Thus, the ELCA, in its whiteness, must listen to the other non-white interpreters of the Gospel, and we must let their interpretations unsettle our whiteness.
Both Lutheran forms of liberation and democratization give ample examples and opportunity for the ELCA to critique its whiteness. If the ELCA is to use diversity as a tool, and not an end in-itself, then it must use these forms and structures as a basis for self-critique, and not as a way of widening the ELCA’s circle. Even if that circle is a “circle of engagement” rather than a “circle of influence.” For, if the ELCA is a perpetuator of whiteness, then its circle of engagement is always a circle of influence. The ELCA must marginalize itself while recognizing its very whiteness is still the hegemonic center of power. Here are some questions to consider along these lines:
- Does your congregation charge rent to non-white congregations/organizations that use its space?
- Does your congregation spend more money to send white missionaries to non-white locations than it does to bring non-whites into its congregation to teach them about their own whiteness?
- Do ELCA institutions fully fund all non-whites that make up their so-called desired “diversity?”
How this happens is up to the congregations and administration of the ELCA. But until it happens, the ELCA cannot claim it is committed to ending white supremacy in the U.S.A.
A recent article focusing on diversity among mainline protestant churches in the United States, of which the ELCA is the least diverse.
An intimate reflection on the experience of racism, in both seminary and the parish, of African-American Mission Development Pastor Rev. Tiffany C. Chaney.
A lecture given by ELCA pastor and Assistant Professor of Church and Society at Union Theological Seminary, the Rev. Dr. Samuel Cruz, on how white privilege injects racism into interfaith dialogue and cultural/religious cross-understanding.
Adam F. Braun is an aspiring feminist, anti-white supremacist, as well as a PhD student in New Testament Christology at The Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago. A former facilitator at Boston Pub Church, he describes himself as a general radical who looks for radical potential in radical Christian gatherings – prefering darkness to light, and solidarity to love.